Common Health Problems During Pregnancy and Prevention
There are some changes in your body during pregnancy, which will make you feel more sensitive and tired. If you do not take care of yourself, you may get a mental illness which is not safe for you and your baby.
Anemia due to iron deficiency is the most common disease in pregnancy. For mothers, severe anemia increases the risk of miscarriage, placenta praevia, early amniotic fluid, postpartum haemorrhage, etc... In particular, if the mother suffers from anemia during early pregnancy, the child will have a high risk of heart disease.
You can prevent anemia by supplementing iron-rich foods such as red meat, fish, eggs, dark green vegetables and beetroots. When you are sick, you should take iron supplements to add the blood to your body. However, don’t take too much as this could be harmful.
According to statistics, constipation is a common disease in pregnancy and there are about 50% of pregnant women have this problem. During pregnancy, progesterone levels increase quickly together with the development of an embryo which brings pressure to the large intestine and causes constipation. In addition, medications and iron supplements are also the cause of constipation.
You should drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, eat plenty of fiber from vegetables, fruits and cereals to prevent constipation. If you have persistent and severe constipation, apple juice and papaya are effective laxatives.
Diarrhea is caused by changes in the nutritional status of women during pregnancy. Pregnant women supplement too many supplements and nutrients that cause intestinal disorders and lead to diarrhea. Besides, dirty food hygiene and improper food, cooking also cause diarrhea.
Eating well-done food, drinking cooled down boiled water and referring to a diet recommended by a gynecologist is a good way to prevent diarrhea. If you have diarrhea, you should drink a lot of water boiled water and restrict the carbonated soft drinks.
4. Cold and Flu
During pregnancy, your resistance has weakened. Therefore, you will easily get infections caused by the flu. In addition, high levels of estrogen will create nasal mucus which causes swollen nasal mucosa. This is the cause of the cold and flu - a disease commonly encountered during pregnancy.
A natural remedy for cold and flu is eating lots of garlic, green leafy vegetables and water. Garlic helps to clear nasal and anti-inflammatory. Green vegetables and water will help increase resistance and purify the body. When you have cold or flu, you need to keep warm, sleep high pillows, drink plenty of warm water and restrict cold water.
In addition, doctors and midwife advise women to take the flu jab during pregnancy to prevent cold and flu.
The next common disease of pregnancy is Vaginitis. It is mainly caused by bacteria, yeast, trichomoniasis and vaginal strep B infection. When a vaginal discharge is abnormal with smelly and yellow or green colour or the vaginal area is itching and burning pain , you should contact your doctor for early diagnosis and treatment. If you have a prolonged illness, you may have a risk of miscarriage or premature birth.
The best way to prevent vaginitis is to keep the vagina clean, change your brief frequently, wear airy underpants. In addition, yogurt is also a food that helps prevent the development of bacterial quite well.
During pregnancy, hormonal changes affect the production of insulin - a glucose metabolite. Lacking of Insulin lead to Glucose congestion then results in gestational diabetes. It is very common in pregnancy and will disappear after giving birth. Symptoms of the disease are feeling tired, exhausted or thirst, going to pee constantly and having oral thrush.
You can prevent gestational diabetes by replacing simple carbohydrates (fruit sugar, milk) with complex carbohydrates (starches, whole grains, beans and nuts), reducing saturated fat, boosting fiber and absolutely do not skip meals if having sickness.
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